This study investigated genetic determinants of adiponectin during pregnancy to reveal novel biology of adipocyte regulation.
A genome-wide association study was conducted in 1,322 pregnant women from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study with adiponectin measured at ∼28 weeks of gestation. Variants reaching P < 5×10(-5) for de novo genotyping in two replication cohorts (Genetics of Glycemic regulation in Gestation and Growth N = 522; ECOGENE-21 N = 174) were selected.
In the combined meta-analysis, the maternal T allele of rs900400 located on chr3q25 (near LEKR1/CCNL1) was associated with lower maternal adiponectin (β ± standard error [SE] = -0.18 ± 0.03 standard deviation [SD] of adiponectin per risk allele; P = 1.5 ×10(-8) ; N = 2,004; multivariable adjusted models). In contrast, rs900400 showed only nominal association with adiponectin in a large sample of nonpregnant women (β ± SE = -0.012 ± 0.006; P = 0.05; N = 16,678 women from the ADIPOgen consortium). The offspring rs900400 T risk allele was associated with greater neonatal skinfold thickness (β ±SE = 0.19 ± 0.04 SD per risk allele; P = 4.1×10(-8) ; N = 1,489) and higher cord blood leptin (β ± SE = 0.28 ± 0.05 log-leptin per risk allele; P = 8.2 ×10(-9) ; N = 502), but not with cord blood adiponectin (P = 0.23; N = 495). The T allele of rs900400 was associated with higher expression of TIPARP in adipocytes.
These investigations of adipokines during pregnancy and early life suggest that rs900400 has a role in adipocyte function.