The Effectiveness of an Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening and Treatment Program in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

AIMS

As recommended by current guidelines, we tested the acceptability and impact of screening patients with type 2 diabetes for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

METHODS

In a large urban primary care practice, we instituted a telephone-based OSA screening program using a validated tool (STOP-BANG) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients identified as high risk were referred for diagnostic sleep testing, and those diagnosed with OSA were offered positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. We evaluated the impact of PAP on sleep-related symptoms, glycemic control, and hospitalization rates.

RESULTS

We identified 738 of 818 (90.1%) patients with type 2 diabetes as high risk for OSA. Only 29.2% (n=213) of high risk patients were willing to undergo diagnostic sleep testing. The prevalence of OSA was 90.6% in this group, but only 66.0% of those with OSA initiated PAP. Patients with higher burden of sleep symptoms were more likely to pursue testing and initiate therapy. PAP use was associated with reduced sleep-related symptoms (mean Epworth sleepiness scale score declined from 8.8 to 7.3, p<0.001), but did not impact hemoglobin A1c levels at one year (7.7 to 7.9%, p=0.12). Changes in glycemic control and hospitalization rates did not differ from comparator groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite a high prevalence of OSA, willingness to pursue diagnostic testing and treatment was low in an unselected type 2 diabetes population. Furthermore, glycemic control did not improve. Future screening programs should focus on patients with substantial sleep related symptoms as this group is most likely to derive benefit from treatment.

Investigators
Abbreviation
Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
Publication Date
2017-10-17
Pubmed ID
29054482
Medium
Print-Electronic
Full Title
The Effectiveness of an Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening and Treatment Program in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.
Authors
Donovan LM, Rueschman M, Weng J, Basu N, Dudley KA, Bakker JP, Wang R, Bertisch SM, Patel SR