PURPOSE OF REVIEW
Standard care for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the USA creates substantial burdens for patients, clinicians, and the healthcare system; to optimize uptake, there is a need for innovative strategies to streamline its provision.
Our review, structured by the expanded chronic care model, identified eleven promising strategies to streamline PrEP care. Approaches ranged widely in mechanism of action. Using text messages to support care was the only strategy with clinical trial evidence supporting its use. Other modalities such as patient navigation, telemedicine PrEP models, alternate dosing availability, same-day prescription, and provider training have promising pilot or associational data and seem likely to lower barriers to entering into or remaining in care. Many of the strategies have established success in related domains such as HIV care, meriting consideration in evaluating their use for PrEP. Making PrEP care less burdensome will be an important part of bringing it to scale. Text message interventions have proven efficacy and merit broad adoption. Encouraging preliminary evidence for other strategies indicates the importance of building a stronger evidence base to clarify the effect of each strategy. Ongoing development of an evidence base should not delay the use of these promising strategies; instead, it calls for careful consideration for how each program may best match its environment to facilitate PrEP prescribing and use.