Herpes zoster, may be severe and recurrent in HIV-infected children. We determined the safety and immunogenicity of live attenuated varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine in 46 HIV-infected children who had experienced varicella. There were no serious adverse events. Two years after vaccination 82% of subjects remained VZV-antibody positive and 60% had VZV-specific cell-mediated immunity. No child developed herpes zoster.
Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.
A phase I-II study of live attenuated varicella-zoster virus vaccine to boost immunity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children with previous varicella.