The Food and Drug Administration licensed a live-virus varicella vaccine (Varivax; Merck & Co Inc, West Point, PA) in March 1995. Prelicensure adverse events were minimal; however, since licensure and increased vaccine use, rare previously undetected risks have arisen. Presented here is the clinical course of a previously undiagnosed, human immunodeficiency virus-infected boy who developed dissemination of the vaccine strain of varicella zoster after immunization. chickenpox, human immunodeficiency virus, pneumonia, encephalopathy, varicella vaccine, adverse events, dissemination.
Disseminated vaccine strain varicella as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-defining illness in a previously undiagnosed child.