The evidence base for public health informing policy at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

View Abstract

BACKGROUND

As part of a major re-examination of its organization, in 2004, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assessed the evidence base for the effectiveness of population-based public health intervention programs.

METHODS

For the leading causes of disease, injury, and disability, evidence was systematically reviewed for modifiable risk factors and their attributable fractions, and for public health interventions and their preventable fractions.

RESULTS

For 31 conditions, 194 modifiable risk factors were identified, and attributable fractions were found for 65 (33.5%). For 137 (70.6%) of the risk factors, 702 population-based interventions were found. Preventable fractions were found for 31 (4.4%) of the interventions.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite considerable information about both modifiable risk factors and interventions designed to reduce the risks of the major causes of disease, injury, and disability, the evidence base that describes the effectiveness of these interventions is limited. The CDC is committed to support research that will set priorities for program development and identify effective public health interventions.

Investigators
Abbreviation
Am J Prev Med
Publication Date
2005-10-29
Volume
29
Issue
3
Page Numbers
227-33
Pubmed ID
16168874
Medium
Print
Full Title
The evidence base for public health informing policy at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Authors
Thacker SB, Ikeda RM, Gieseker KE, Mendelsohn AB, Saydah SH, Curry CW, Yuan JW