The Health Belief Model has been useful for studying uptake of HIV prevention behaviors and has had limited application to understanding utilization of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a biomedical strategy to reduce HIV acquisition. We recruited 90 persons undergoing HIV screening and educated them about PrEP. We followed up with 35 participants approximately 3 weeks later and quantitatively assessed PrEP uptake. No participant had initiated PrEP. We conducted in-depth interviews with 15 participants to explore situational factors impacting this decision. In this paper we provide an overview of PrEP-related engagement using qualitative data to contextualize (in)action. While participants perceived PrEP as beneficial, perceived benefits did not outweigh real- and perceived barriers, such as financial and time-related constraints. In order to promote PrEP uptake, cues to action that increase the benefits of PrEP during seasons of risk, and interventions that reduce real and perceived barriers are needed.
AIDS Educ Prev
"I Don't Need PrEP Right Now": A Qualitative Exploration of the Barriers to PrEP Care Engagement Through the Application of the Health Belief Model.