Incidence of statin use in older adults with and without cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, January 2008- March 2018.

View Abstract

BACKGROUND

Data from randomized controlled trials and observational studies on older adults who take statins for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease are limited. To determine the incidence of statin use in older adults with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD) and/or diabetes (DM), we conducted a descriptive observational study.

METHODS

The cohort consisted of health plan members in the NIH Collaboratory Distributed Research Network aged >75 years who had continuous drug and medical benefits for ≥183 days during the study period, January 1, 2008- March 31, 2018. We defined DM and CVD using diagnosis codes, and identified statins using dispensing data. Statin use was considered incident if a member had no evidence of statin exposure in the claims during the previous 183 days, and the use was considered long-term if statins were supplied for ≥180 days. Incidence rates were reported among members with and without CVD and/or diabetes, and stratified by year, sex, and age group.

RESULTS

Among 757,569 eligible members, 109,306 older adults initiated statins and 54,624 became long-term users. Health plan members with CVD had the highest incidence of statin use (143.9 initiators per 1,000 member-years for CVD & DM; 114.5 initiators per 1,000 member-years for CVD & No DM). Among health plan members without CVD, those with DM had rates of statin use that were over two times higher than members without DM (76.1 versus 34.5 initiators per 1,000 member-years, respectively). Statin initiation remained steady throughout 2008-2016, was slightly higher in males, and declined with increasing age.

CONCLUSION

Incidence of statin use varied by CVD and DM comorbidity, and was lowest among those without CVD. These results highlight the potential clinical equipoise to conduct large pragmatic clinical trials to generate evidence that could be used to inform future blood cholesterol guidelines.

Abbreviation
PLoS ONE
Publication Date
2019-12-05
Volume
14
Issue
12
Page Numbers
e0223515
Pubmed ID
31805056
Medium
Electronic-eCollection
Full Title
Incidence of statin use in older adults with and without cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, January 2008- March 2018.
Authors
Panozzo CA, Curtis LH, Marshall J, Fine L, Wells BL, Brown JS, Haynes K, Pawloski PA, Hernandez AF, Malek S, Syat B, Platt R