From 2019 to 2022, the For Our Children project gathered a team of Chinese and American pediatricians to explore the readiness of the pediatric workforce in each country to address pressing child health concerns. The teams compared existing data on child health outcomes, the pediatric workforce, and education and combined qualitative and quantitative comparisons centered on themes of effective health care delivery outlined in the World Health Organization Workforce 2030 Report. This article describes key findings about pediatric workload, career satisfaction, and systems to assure competency. We discuss pediatrician accessibility, including geographic distribution, practice locations, trends in pediatric hospitalizations, and payment mechanisms. Pediatric roles differed in the context of each country's child health systems and varied teams. We identified strengths we could learn from one another, such as the US Medical Home Model with continuity of care and robust numbers of skilled clinicians working alongside pediatricians, as well as China's Maternal Child Health system with broad community accessibility and health workers who provide preventive care.In both countries, notable inequities in child health outcomes, evolving epidemiology, and increasing complexity of care require new approaches to the pediatric workforce and education. Although child health systems in the United States and China have significant differences, in both countries, a way forward is to develop a more inclusive and broad view of the child health team to provide truly integrated care that reaches every child. Training competencies must evolve with changing epidemiology as well as changing health system structures and pediatrician roles.