PURPOSE OF REVIEW
Shared decision-making is a process that involves bidirectional exchange of information between patients and providers to support patients in making individualized, evidence-based decisions about their healthcare. We review the evidence on patient-led decision-making, a form of shared decision-making that maximizes patient autonomy, as a framework for decisions about HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We also assess the likelihood that patient-led decision-making occurs for PrEP and describe interventions to facilitate this process.
Patient-led decision-making is likely to be uncommon for PrEP, in part because healthcare providers lack knowledge and training about PrEP. Few evidence-based interventions exist to facilitate patient-led decision-making for PrEP. There is a need for rigorously developed interventions to increase knowledge of PrEP among patients and healthcare providers and support patient-led decision-making for PrEP, which will be increasingly important as the range of available PrEP modalities expands.