Cryptococcuria is a rare manifestation of localized cryptococcal disease. We present a case of Cryptococcus neoformans urinary tract infection in an immunocompromised host missed by routine laboratory workup. The patient had negative blood cultures, a negative serum cryptococcal antigen (CrAg), and "non-Candida yeast" growing in urine culture that was initially dismissed as non-pathogenic. The diagnosis was ultimately made by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) from a repeat urine culture after transfer to a tertiary care center. Cryptococcus should be considered in the differential of refractory urinary tract infections growing non-Candida yeast.